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Can wood be planed against the grain?

Can wood be planed against the grain?

You can also use a hand plane or the router planing jig shown below. Figured wood doesn’t have a consistent grain direction, making it difficult to joint or plane. When you’re planing against the grain, the knives tend to lift the wood fibers and tear them out, leaving the surface chipped and gouged.

In what direction should a board be sent through the planer?

On rough lumber, you can feel the fibers by running your hand over the board. It will be smooth in one direction and rough in the other. Feed the smooth direction forward into the wood planer. With some boards, you might get tearout in both directions.

What can happen to your wood if you joint or plane it in the wrong grain direction?

Reading Grain Direction | Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Which direction should you always plane in in relation to your timber?

Joint, plane, or handplane the board in the right direction, and the fibers will lie down nicely and cut cleanly. Whether the board is riftsawn, quartersawn, or flatsawn, reading the fiber direction and approaching it correctly is the key.

Can you hand plane cross grain?

Depending on how much material you need to take off, you could run it through a drum sander, or do the hand tool route and you a hand plane. Either way, you do not want to send parts through a planer cross grain. It is unsafe, bad for the tool, and will not produce a satisfying product in most cases.

Can you split a wood plane?

It takes an investment to flatten wood, though. You can’t pull this off without a jointer, surface planer and table saw. Surface planers start at about $350. But you won’t get good results with either tool unless you keep them equipped with sharp knives.

Does a planer cut both sides?

With one flat face, you can now put the flat face down on your planer bed and pass it through to flatten the opposite face. Since you already have one flat face to index off of, your planer will cut the opposing face parallel to the flat face.

How do you tell the direction of wood grain?

Hold the board with stripes on the edge traveling left to right from the edge center towards the face of the board. The stripes form into a point as they meet the face. The stripe points show the direction of the wood grain, from left to right.

How does grain direction affect the strength of wood?

When you split wood with the grain, you’re breaking lignin bonds (easy); when you break across the grain, you’re snapping cellulose fibers which is much harder. To take full advantage of a wood’s strength, pay attention to the grain direction. Always orient the grain so the fibers support the load.

What happens if you try to plane end grain in the same way as side grain?

Always try to plane with the grain rather than against the grain. Planing against the grain can cause the wood to tear out. In a similar way, wood also has a direction in which the fibers feel smooth, this direction is commonly called “with-the-grain”.

Why do planes have wood?

Generally, all planes are used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of lumber or timber.