Table of Contents
Did the Hohokam have leaders?
It is believed that these leaders lived in the communities that had platform mounds and ball courts that were used for ceremonial games, trade and other special occasions when several communities gathered together.
How many Hohokam were there?
The Hohokam may have left for any and all of these reasons. Whatever the cause, overpopulation likely contributed to the demise of their villages. Archaeologists estimate between 24,000 and 50,000 Hohakam people were living in the Sonoran Desert before their society collapsed.
What are the Hohokam best known for?
The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru.
What were the Hohokam experts at?
The Hohokam people were experts at using the natural resources of the Sonoran Desert. There are many types of foods and water available in the 4 ecological areas used by the Hohokam. Each ecological area had its own natural resources.
What happened to the hohokams?
The Hohokam people abandoned most of their settlements during the period between 1350 and 1450. It is thought that the Great Drought (1276–99), combined with a subsequent period of sparse and unpredictable rainfall that persisted until approximately 1450, contributed to this process.
How were Hohokam able to farm in the desert?
The Hohokam grew their crops with the use of irrigation canals. They dug miles of canals in both the Salt and Gila River valleys using only stone tools, digging sticks, and baskets. With water from the rivers, they were able to grow corn, beans, squash, and cotton in the desert.
What are two things for which the Hohokam used these canals?
The Hohokam, a Sonoran Desert Culture They were farmers who built irrigation canals and used water from the rivers to grow crops. In addition to the crops they grew, they used many desert plants for food, clothing, shelter, and other objects.
Who discovered Hohokam?
The Hohokam culture was differentiated from others in the region in the 1930s by the archaeologist Harold S. Gladwin.
How were the Hohokam different from the Anasazi?
Hohokam was equally extensive. Rainfall farming in the Anasazi area created Ioose-knit settlements spread over a broad area, but agriculture in the Hohokam desert required irrigation and, consequently, dense settlements along the canals with which Hohokam farmers brought water to their fields.
How did Hohokam obtain food?
The canal systems allowed the Hohokam to farm corn, cotton, beans, tobacco and squash. The well-designed irrigation systems allowed the Hohokam to produce two harvests each year. They did have other food sources that came from dry farming agave, the gathering of wild plants and hunting deer and other small animals.
Where did the Hohokam get their water?
The Hohokam were the only culture in North America to rely on irrigation canals to supply water to their crops. In the arid desert environment of the Salt and Gila River Valleys, the homeland of the Hohokam, there was not enough rainfall to grow crops.
What are two things for which the Hohokam use these canals?