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How did the Tsimshian get their food?

How did the Tsimshian get their food?

The traditional economy of the Tsimshian was based on fishing. They passed the summer months trapping migrating salmon and eulachon (candlefish), a species of smelt. Eulachon were particularly valuable for their oil, which was made into a food highly regarded by many peoples of the area.

What do coastal tribes eat?


  • The diet of the coastal tribes was heavily dependent upon fish, acorns, and camas root.
  • The coastal tribes were skillful in hunting porpoises, seals, and sea otters, as well as in catching salmon, halibut and cod.

Is Tsimshian a tribe?

The Tsimshian are one of the largest First Nations peoples in northwest British Columbia. Some Tsimshian migrated to Annette Island, Alaska, and today approximately 1,450 Alaska Tsimshian people are enrolled in the federally recognized Metlakatla Indian Community, sometimes also called the Annette Island Reserve.

What did the Northwest Coast people hunt?

Northwest Coast peoples varied their fish-based diet through hunting and gathering. Families traveled to the mountains, where the men hunted deer, elk, mountain goat, and bear.

How many Tsimshians are there?

10,000 Tsimshians
Currently there are about 10,000 Tsimshians, of which about 1,300 live in Alaska. Canadian Tsimshian live along the Skeena and Nass rivers, as well as the many inlets and islands on the coast.

What did the coastal plains eat?

Especially for those who lived on the Coastal Plains because their soil wasn’t very good for farming. They ate wild hogs, turkey, white tailed deer,, buffalo, elk, squirrel and rabbit.

What were the main foods eaten by the coastal tribes name three?

What were the main foods eaten by the coastal tribes name three? Some of the common animals they ate were seals, salmon, sea otters, and whales. They also ate plants and fruits that were from the forest.

What did the northwest eat?

The foods eaten by the natives were as varied as they were plentiful. Diets were comprised of mainly berries, fish, and mammals with some herbs, birds, and shellfish supplementing the staples.

What food did the Northwest tribes grow?

Salmon was a major source of food, along with other fish such as trout, halibut and herring, followed by acorns, hundreds of different plants, marine mammals (whales, otters, seals), bears, beavers, lynx, deer, and small game like rabbits and hares.

What is the Tsimshian language?

Tsimshian is a Penutian language of the Northwest Coast. Tsimshian is spoken by about 400 people in British Columbia and Alaska today.

What language does the Tsimshian speak?

Tsimshian, known by its speakers as Sm’álgyax, is a dialect of the Tsimshian language spoken in northwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska. Sm’algyax means literally “real or true language.”