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How many cases of trench fever were there in ww1?

How many cases of trench fever were there in ww1?

Accordingly, though fatalities were exceedingly rare, as many as 80% of men with the disease remained unfit for duty for up to 3 months. In the duration of the war, 800,000 cases of Trench Fever were recorded in the British Army, with comparable numbers for the other combattant nations.

How many soldiers were affected by trench fever?

Trench fever is a clinical syndrome caused by infection with Bartonella quintana. The condition was first described during World War I, when it affected nearly 1 million soldiers.

Can you still get trench fever?

The disease persists among the homeless. Outbreaks have been documented, for example, in Seattle and Baltimore in the United States among injection drug users and in Marseille, France, and Burundi.

How many people died due to trench fever?

The total number of deaths included 9.7 million military personnel and about 10 million civilians. Of these deaths, an estimated 5.7m were soldiers fighting for the Allies.

Is there a cure for trench fever?

Treatment of Trench Fever Patients are given doxycycline 100 mg orally 2 times a day for 4 to 6 weeks, plus, if endocarditis is suspected, gentamicin 3 mg/kg/day IV for the initial 2 weeks. Combination therapy is given for serious or complicated infections.

How did soldiers deal with trench fever?

When medical officers first tried to treat trench fever, they used those medicaments that they had nearest to hand: those they carried in their standard issue drug boxes. One of these, quinine, was the first drug reportedly used to treat the condition.

What was the worst disease in ww1?

The 1918 Influenza Pandemic. The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War, known today as World War I (WWI), at somewhere between 20 and 40 million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history.

Does trench fever cause lice?

Trench fever is a louse-borne disease caused by the gram-negative bacterium Bartonella quintana and observed originally in military populations during World Wars I and II. Symptoms are an acute, recurring febrile illness, occasionally with a rash.

Is typhus still around today?

Though epidemic typhus was responsible for millions of deaths in previous centuries, it is now considered a rare disease. Occasionally, cases continue to occur, in areas where extreme overcrowding is common and body lice can travel from one person to another.

How did soldiers deal with lice in ww1?

Men in the trenches killed lice by ‘chatting’ – crushing them between finger nails – or burning them out with cigarette ends and candles.

Is there such a thing as trench fever?

Trench fever. Trench fever (also known as “five-day fever”, “quintan fever” (febris quintana in Latin), and “urban trench fever”) is a moderately serious disease transmitted by body lice.

Where was trench fever found in World War 1?

Trench fever (also known as “five-day fever”, “quintan fever” (febris quintana in Latin), and “urban trench fever”) is a moderately serious disease transmitted by body lice. It infected armies in Flanders, France, Poland, Galicia, Italy, Salonika, Macedonia, Mesopotamia, Russia and Egypt in World War I.

Why did so many people die in the trenches?

Many died in combat, through accidents, or perished as prisoners of war. But the majority of loss of life can be attributed to famine and disease – horrific conditions meant fevers, parasites and infections were rife on the frontline and ripped through the troops in the trenches.

How long is the incubation period for trench fever?

The incubation period is relatively long, at about two weeks. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden, with high fever, severe headache, pain on moving the eyeballs, soreness of the muscles of the legs and back, and frequently hyperaesthesia of the shins.