Table of Contents
Is a smooth ER a plant or animal cell or both?
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, or smooth ER, is an organelle found in both animal cells and plant cells. An organelle is a sub-unit within a cell that has a specialized function. The main function of the smooth ER is to make cellular products like hormones and lipids.
What cell is rough ER found in?
rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), series of connected flattened sacs, part of a continuous membrane organelle within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, that plays a central role in the synthesis of proteins.
What is a rough ER in an animal cell?
= Endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes inside a cell through which proteins and other molecules move. Proteins are assembled at organelles called ribosomes.
Where is the ER located in a cell?
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a network of membrane-enclosed tubules and sacs (cisternae) that extends from the nuclear membrane throughout the cytoplasm (Figure 9.1). The entire endoplasmic reticulum is enclosed by a continuous membrane and is the largest organelle of most eukaryotic cells.
Are rough and smooth ER connected?
The rough and smooth ER are usually interconnected and the proteins and membranes made by the rough ER move into the smooth ER to be transferred to other locations. Some proteins are sent to the Golgi apparatus by special transport vesicles.
Where is the smooth ER found?
In muscle cells, the smooth endoplasmic reticulum regulates calcium ion storage. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum like the rough endoplasmic reticulum is connected to the nuclear envelope. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum comprises tube-like structure located near the cell periphery.
Are ribosomes in plant and animal cells?
Animal cells and plant cells are similar in that they are both eukaryotic cells. Animal and plant cells have some of the same cell components in common including a nucleus, Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, mitochondria, peroxisomes, cytoskeleton, and cell (plasma) membrane.
What does rough ER contain?
Rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Its main function is to produce proteins. It is made up of cisternae, tubules and vesicles. The cisternae are made up of flattened membrane disks, which are involved in the modification of proteins.
Which of the following is a function of the rough ER?
Which of the following is a function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum? The rough ER synthesizes all proteins secreted from the cell; it also functions as the cell’s “membrane factory” because integral proteins and phospholipids that form part of all cellular membranes are manufactured there.
Why is the rough ER important?
The function of the rough ER is to provide a place so ribosomes can produce proteins, and proteins are one of the most important things in a cell. Rough ER is the organelle that reads the DNA instructions to make the proteins. Also, the rough ER is involved in the transportation of proteins to the Golgi apparatus.
Is ribosome in plant and animal cells?
Is cell wall in plant and animal cells?
Animal cells and plant cells share the common components of a nucleus, cytoplasm, mitochondria and a cell membrane. Plant cells have three extra components, a vacuole, chloroplast and a cell wall.