Table of Contents
- 1 What do Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke have in common?
- 2 What were the Enlightenment ideas of Rousseau?
- 3 What is a principle that the philosophies of Locke Montesquieu and Rousseau have in common?
- 4 How was Rousseau different from other Enlightenment thinkers?
- 5 Who was John Locke Enlightenment?
- 6 How do Hobbes Locke and Rousseau differ?
What do Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke have in common?
Both John Locke (1632-1734) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) write as early modern social contract theorists, and both promote reason and freedom as essential components of political societies. Yet these thinkers take many distinct, and at times opposing, stances on education.
What were the Enlightenment ideas of Rousseau?
Rousseau argued that the general will of the people could not be decided by elected representatives. He believed in a direct democracy in which everyone voted to express the general will and to make the laws of the land. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small scale, a city-state like his native Geneva.
What was John Locke’s main Enlightenment idea?
John Locke’s philosophy inspired and reflected Enlightenment values in its recognition of the rights and equality of individuals, its criticism of arbitrary authority (e.g., the divine right of kings), its advocacy of religious toleration, and its general empirical and scientific temperament.
What did Thomas Hobbes John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau believe about people?
The classic social-contract theorists of the 17th and 18th centuries—Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), John Locke (1632–1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–78)—held that the social contract is the means by which civilized society, including government, arises from a historically or logically preexisting condition of …
What is a principle that the philosophies of Locke Montesquieu and Rousseau have in common?
To prevent men from living in fear of one another, Locke, Rousseau and Montesquieu believed that societies must be based on social contracts, or what Montesquieu called a constitution, which would outline the laws of the land, and set in stone what rights the people and the state had.
How was Rousseau different from other Enlightenment thinkers?
Locke and Rousseau were both thinkers during the Enlightenment, and they both came up with theories of government. Locke believed in human progress, whereas Rousseau believed society was a step backward from humans’ original state of nature.
What was Jean-Jacques Rousseau philosophy?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss Enlightenment philosopher with some radical ideas. He argued passionately for democracy, equality, liberty, and supporting the common good by any means necessary.
What were the main ideas of Jean Jacques Rousseau?
|School||Social contract Romanticism|
|Main interests||Political philosophy, music, education, literature, autobiography|
|Notable ideas||General will, amour de soi, amour-propre, moral simplicity of humanity, child-centered learning, civil religion, popular sovereignty, positive liberty, public opinion|
Who was John Locke Enlightenment?
The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution.
How do Hobbes Locke and Rousseau differ?
Hobbes asserts that without subjection to a common power of their rights and freedoms, men are necessarily at war. Hobbes theory of Social Contract supports absolute sovereign without giving any value to individuals, while Locke and Rousseau supports individual than the state or the government.
How are Hobbes and Rousseau similar?
One of the similarities between the three philosophers was that they believed in freedom. Rousseau thought that humans had freedom existed when humans created a new society. Hobbes argued that freedom came about when humans were ruled by monarchy. When it comes to government, the philosophers also had different views.
What did John Locke and other Enlightenment thinkers emphasized over religion?
Terms in this set (16) John Locke and other Enlightenment thinkers emphasized artistryculture ___________pirituality over religion. Locke believed that people are naturally reasonable, while Hobbes believed that people are naturally selfish.