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What do we call collections of axons in the brain?

What do we call collections of axons in the brain?

16. In the central nervous system, a collection of axons is called a tract.

What is longitudinal fissure?

a deep groove that marks the division between the left and right cerebral hemispheres of the brain. At the bottom of the groove, the hemispheres are connected by the corpus callosum. Also called interhemispheric fissure; sagittal fissure.

What are nerve fibers in the brain?

An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis), or nerve fiber (or nerve fibre: see spelling differences), is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, in vertebrates, that typically conducts electrical impulses known as action potentials away from the nerve cell body.

What is the name of a collection of nerve fibers connecting similar areas on both sides of the head?

16.5. The corpus callosum is a large bundle of more than 200 million myelinated nerve fibers that connect the two brain hemispheres, permitting communication between the right and left sides of the brain.

What is a bundle of nerve fibers called?

Each bundle of nerve fibers is called a fasciculus and is surrounded by a layer of connective tissue called the perineurium. Within the fasciculus, each individual nerve fiber, with its myelin and neurilemma, is surrounded by connective tissue called the endoneurium.

What is a collection of nerve cell bodies in the CNS?

In the central nervous system, a collection of neuron cell bodies is called a nucleus. In the peripheral nervous system, a collection of neuron cell bodies is called a ganglion (plural: ganglia). The one exception to this rule that you may have encountered is the basal ganglia in the brain.

Where is the cerebral longitudinal fissure?

The longitudinal fissure (or cerebral fissure, great longitudinal fissure, median longitudinal fissure, interhemispheric fissure) is the deep groove that separates the two cerebral hemispheres of the vertebrate brain. Lying within it is a continuation of the dura mater (one of the meninges) called the falx cerebri.

What does the longitudinal fissure separate?

There is a longitudinal fissure that divides the cerebrum into two hemispheres, the left hemisphere on the anatomical left, and the right hemisphere on the anatomical right.

What are nerve fibers?

A nerve fiber is a long process of nerve cell (neurone) called the axon. The nerve cell’s body is anatomically situated in the central nervous system or within the ganglia of the peripheral nervous system. Each peripheral nerve consists of parallel bundles of nerve fibers, called nerve fascicles.

What is axon and dendrite?

Axon – The long, thin structure in which action potentials are generated; the transmitting part of the neuron. Dendrite – The receiving part of the neuron. Dendrites receive synaptic inputs from axons, with the sum total of dendritic inputs determining whether the neuron will fire an action potential.

What do Commissural fibers connect?

Commissural fibers connect areas of the contralateral hemispheres. The three main commissural tracts are the CC, anterior commissure (AC), and posterior commissure. They play an important role in cognition, motor function, and perception (Catani & Thiebaut de Schotten, 2012; Jellison et al., 2004).

What does posterior commissure connect?

The posterior commissure (PC) is a transversely-oriented commissural white matter tract that connects the two cerebral hemispheres along the midline. It is a very important anatomical landmark which is thought to play a role in the visual system, however its functions are still largely unknown.