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What factor does conductivity depend on?

What factor does conductivity depend on?

Conductivity depends on number density (material) and relaxation time.

What affects the conductivity of water?

Conductivity in water is affected by the presence of inorganic dissolved solids such as chloride, nitrate, sulfate, and phosphate anions (ions that carry a negative charge) or sodium, magnesium, calcium, iron, and aluminum cations (ions that carry a positive charge).

What are the effects of conductivity?

Conductivity is a measurement of the ability of an aqueous solution to transfer an electrical current. The current is carried by ions, and therefore the conductivity increases with the concentration of ions present in solution, their mobility, and temperature of the water.

Which factor does not affect the conductivity of a solution?

Dilution, temperature, and nature of electrolyte affect the conductivity of a solution. Pressure does not affect the conductivity of any solution.

What are 3 factors that affect the conductivity of a solution?

Testing Conductivity

  • The concentration of dissolved ions.
  • The types of ions in solution.
  • Temperature.

How does temperature affect the conductivity of a solution?

As the temperature of a solution increases, the mobility of the ions in the solution also increases and consequently this will lead to an increase in its conductivity.

What makes a solution conductive?

Conductivity in aqueous solutions, is a measure of the ability of water to conduct an electric current. The more ions there are in the solution, the higher its conductivity. Also the more ions there are in solution, the stronger the electrolyte.

How does conductivity vary with concentration?

Answer: Specific Conductivity decreases with a decrease in concentration. Since the number of ions per unit volume that carry current in a solution decrease on dilution. Hence, concentration and conductivity are directly proportional to each other.

Which of the following conductivity of a solution is directly proportional?

Conductivity of a solution is directly proportional to the number of ions.

Does pressure affect conductivity?

Experimental measurements of conductivity of Li+ ion as a function of pressure shows an increase in conductivity with pressure. These show that the increase in pressure acts as a structure breaker.

What affects electrical conductivity metals?

Metals conduct electricity by allowing free electrons to move between the atoms. Atoms of different size or atomic weight will vibrate at a different rate, which changes the pattern of thermal conductivity. If there is less energy transfer between atoms, there is less conductivity.

Does conductivity increase or decrease with temperature?

-When we increase the temperature, the kinetic energy of the ions increases and they move faster i.e. they conduct their bearing charge faster and thus result in increased conductivity. So, with increase in temperature, the conductivity of electrolytic conductors increases.