Menu Close

What happened to the Duke of Medina Sidonia?

What happened to the Duke of Medina Sidonia?

Thousands of Spaniards drowned and even those who reached land were often killed by English soldiers and settlers. Of the 25,000 men that had set out in the Armada, less than 10,000 arrived home safely. Alonso Perez du Guzman, the 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, died in 1615.

Who did Medina Sidonia replace?

General Santa Cruz
Setting the Stage for Battle They traveled—with good winds—an average of 2.5 knots (less than 3 miles) per hour. The fleet was under the command of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, a well-respected nobleman with no military training. King Phillip II had chosen him to replace the recently deceased General Santa Cruz.

Did the Duke of Medina Sidonia get seasick?

The Duke of Medina Sidonia – little experience of sailing and openly warned of his tendency for seasickness. Lord Howard of Effingham – little experience of fighting at sea, but Drake and Hawkins were both very experienced. 130 ships – 64 battleships, 22 huge galleons and 45 converted merchant ships.

How old is Medina Sidonia?

History of Medina Sidonia With the arrival of the Romans in the third century BC began the construction of what is now the Old Town area of Medina Sidonia.

Why was the Duke of Medina Sidonia a poor commander for the Spanish?

The disadvantages of this choice of Medina Sidonia were highlighted by latter himself, in a letter to the king, in which he stressed his lack of military experience on land and at sea, his lack of information about either the English enemy or the Spanish war plans, his poor health and tendency to sea-sickness, and his …

Who was the Duke of Medina Sidonia in 1588?

Alonso Pérez de Guzmán
Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, duke de Medina-Sidonia, (born Sept. 10, 1550—died 1619, Sanlúcar, Spain), commander in chief of the Spanish Armada of 1588.

Who ruled England when the Armada came?

King Philip II of Spain
History of the Spanish Armada The Spanish Armada was one part of a planned invasion of England by King Philip II of Spain. Launched in 1588, ‘la felicissima armada’, or ‘the most fortunate fleet’, was made up of roughly 150 ships and 18,000 men.

Why was the Duke of Medina Sidonia a bad choice?

How many armadas were there?

Spanish Armada
34 warships 163 armed merchant vessels (30 more than 200 tons) 30 flyboats 22 galleons of Portugal and Castile 108 armed merchant vessels (including four war galleasses of Naples) 2,431 artillery pieces 7,000 sailors 17,000 soldiers (90% Spaniards, 10% Portuguese)
Casualties and losses

Where is Medina in Europe?

Medina Sidonia is a city and municipality in the province of Cádiz in the autonomous community of Andalusia, southern Spain. It is considered by some to be the oldest city in Europe, used as a military defense location due to its elevated location. Locals are known as Asidonenses.

Where is Costa de la Cruz?

The Costa de la Luz stretches from Tarifa, located at the southern tip of Spain – where the Atlantic meets the Mediterranean, heads north and northwestwardly along the coast to Cádiz and Huelva, finishing at the mouth of the Guadiana River.

Why was the Duke of Medina Sidonia a bad leader?