Table of Contents
What is a sterilant example?
A sterilant is a chemical that is applied to inanimate objects to kill all microorganisms as well as spores. Ethylene oxide, glutaraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide gas, and peracetic acid are examples of sterilants.
What can be used as a sterilant?
The most widely used sterilants and disinfectants in healthcare facilities are:
- Ethylene oxide (EtO). Hospitals typically use ethylene oxide (EtO) to sterilize moisture- and heat-sensitive instruments.
What is considered a chemical sterilant?
3 “ A liquid chemical sterilant or high-level disinfectant is a germicide that is intended for use as the terminal step in processing critical and semicritical medical devices prior to patient use. Critical devices make contact with normally sterile tissue or body spaces during use.
What does sterilize person mean?
Sterilization (also spelled sterilisation) is any of a number of medical methods of birth control that intentionally leaves a person unable to reproduce. There are multiple ways of having sterilization done, but the two that are used most frequently are tubal ligation for women and vasectomy for men.
Is alcohol a sterilant?
62) that says, “Alcohol is neither a sterilant nor a high-level disinfectant.” No further specifics are offered. To help clarify this statement and answer questions about the use of alcohol in rodent surgery, AAALAC’s Council on Accreditation formed a subcommittee to research and address this issue.
Are phenolics sterilant?
Phenol (carbolic acid) is one of the oldest antiseptic agents. It is bacteriostatic at concentrations of 0.1%–1% and is bactericidal/fungicidal at 1%–2%.
Is benzalkonium a chloride?
Benzalkonium chloride, a quaternary ammonium compound, is a mixture of several n-alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chlorides (n = 10–16) with different alkyl groups . It is a cationic surfactant used as a bactericide or preservative owing to its inhibitory action against bacteria and fungi .
How do sterilants work?
When a device is liquid chemically sterilized, it is completely immersed in an active sterilant solution for a prescribed period of time at a controlled temperature and concentration. Validation of efficacy requires demonstration of at least a 6-log reduction of the most resistant organisms: bacterial spores.
Can a woman be sterilized?
Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control that is extremely effective at preventing pregnancy. But it is difficult to reverse if you change your mind, and it does not protect against STDs. Both men and women can be sterilized. For women, a tubal ligation is performed; for men, a vasectomy is performed.
Does alcohol sterilize?
Uses. Alcohols are not recommended for sterilizing medical and surgical materials principally because they lack sporicidal action and they cannot penetrate protein-rich materials.
When can a woman get sterilized?
Because this form of permanent contraception is not meant to be reversed, you may want to wait if you are young or do not have children. “Doctors often have their own recommendations for the youngest age to perform tubal ligation,” Dr. Shah said. “For some, it’s after 25, but for others it’s after 30.”
What surgery can stop pregnancy?
Female permanent contraception Tubal ligation: The fallopian tubes are surgically severed and the ends are sutured to prevent the transit of the eggs.