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What is ribosome short answer?

What is ribosome short answer?

A ribosome is a complex molecular machine found inside the living cells that produce proteins from amino acids during a process called protein synthesis or translation. Ribosomes are specialized cell organelles and are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

What is the best definition of ribosomes?

The definition of a ribosome is a tiny particle made up of nucleic acids and proteins that exist in large numbers in the gel-like substance in between every cell in the body. A sphere-shaped structure within the cytoplasm of a cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis.

What is the main function of ribosome?

Ribosomes have two main functions — decoding the message and the formation of peptide bonds. These two activities reside in two large ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) of unequal size, the ribosomal subunits. Each subunit is made of one or more ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) and many ribosomal proteins (r-proteins).

Which best describes the function of a ribosome?

which best describes the function of a ribosome? Ribosomes use RNA to synthesize proteins. Which organelle provides energy to a cell? Which two organelles are most important in the production of proteins in a cell?

What are ribosomes Class 9?

Ribosomes are the cell organelles found inside the cell and composed of RNA and Proteins. They may found suspended in the cytosol, called free ribosomes or bound to the endoplasmic reticulum, called bound ribosomes. They help in protein synthesis.

What is a ribosome kid friendly definition?

A ribosomes is a small organelle involved in the process of making protein, which is called protein synthesis. The ribosome handles translation, which is the second part of protein synthesis. Ribosomes can be found floating freely in the cytoplasm or attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum.

Which statement best describes the function of ribosomes?

Function of Ribosomes. Ribosomes are a cell structure that makes protein. Protein is needed for many cell functions such as repairing damage or directing chemical processes.

How does ribosome structure related to its function?

Structure dictates function. Ribosomes provide another good example of structure determining function. These small cellular components are made of protein and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Their main function is to translate messenger RNA, or mRNA, into strings of amino acids called proteins.

What called ribosomes?

Ribosomes are minute particles consisting of RNA and associated proteins that function to synthesize proteins. Proteins are needed for many cellular functions such as repairing damage or directing chemical processes. Ribosomes can be found floating within the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum.

What are ribosomes Class 11?

Ribosomes are the granular structures composed of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and proteins. The eukaryotic ribosomes are 80S, while the prokaryotic ribosomes are 70S, made up of two subunits. ‘S’ stands for the sedimentation coefficient, which is indirectly is a measure of density and size.

How do you explain ribosomes to a child?

A ribosome is a large complex of RNA and protein. It does RNA translation, building proteins from amino acids using messenger RNA as a template. Ribosomes are found in all living cells, prokaryotes as well as eukaryotes. A ribosome is a mixture of protein and RNA that starts its formation in the nucleolus of a cell.

How is a ribosome like a school?

Ribosomes are like teachers in school. Ribosome helps to produce important proteins for a cell and teachers produce educated people. They act as a powerhouse organelles off the cell getting things done, and the staff do the same, making school run and function. The cafeteria in the school is like chloroplast.