Table of Contents
What is the swimming pool chemical called?
The most common chemical used in the treatment of swimming pool water is chlorine. It not only eliminates bacteria and algae by disinfecting (killing) action, it also oxidizes (chemically destroys) other materials such as dirt and chloramines.
Is this swimming pool water a mixture or a solution?
The water in a swimming pool is a homogeneous (hoh moh gee nee us) mixture of water and substances that dissolve in water. A suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that separates into layers over time.
What is the solvent and solute in jelly?
Jellies – water is the solvent and fruit pulp is the solute .
What compounds are found in pool water?
The most popular pool disinfectant is the element chlorine, in the form of a chemical compound such as calcium hypochlorite (a solid) or sodium hypochlorite (a liquid). When the compound is added to the water, the chlorine reacts with the water to form various chemicals, most notably hypochlorous acid.
What are pool chemicals?
Typical chemicals used include muriatic acid (an archaic name for hydrochloric acid), sodium bisulfate, carbon dioxide, sulfuric acid, and sodium carbonate. Sodium bicarbonate also works, but it has a greater effect on the total alkalinity of the water than it does on the pH.
How is chlorine made for pools?
How is Chlorine Made? Chlorine is produced by the electrolysis of salt water. When electricity is passed through 2NaCl (salt) and 2H20 (water), the atoms dissociate into Cl2 (chlorine) + 2NaOH (sodium Hydroxide) + H2 (Hydrogen).
What is the mixture of chlorine and water?
Mixing of Chlorine (Bleach) Solution for Disinfecting. Household bleach (5.25% sodium hypochlorite) mixed with water, is an inexpensive and effective disinfectant. By mixing different amounts of bleach with water, you can make a high, intermediate, or low-level disinfectant.
Why is chlorine a mixture?
Natural chlorine is a mixture of two stable isotopes: chlorine-35 (75.53 percent) and chlorine-37 (24.47 percent). The most common compound of chlorine is sodium chloride, which is found in nature as crystalline rock salt, often discoloured by impurities.
What is solvent and solute?
The solute is the substance that is being dissolved, while the solvent is the dissolving medium. Solutions can be formed with many different types and forms of solutes and solvents.
Is water a solute or solvent?
The solute is the substance which is dissolved by the solvent. For example, in a solution of salt and water, water is the solvent and salt is the solute.
How chlorine works in a pool?
Chlorine is added to the water to kill germs. When it is added to a swimming pool, it forms a weak acid called hypochlorous acid that kills bacteria like salmonella and E. coli, as well as germs that cause viruses such as diarrhea and swimmer’s ear.
What is pH in pool water?
The pH level of pool water is a measure of its acidity. It is noted on a scale of 0 to 14, with a pH below 7.0 indicating the water is acidic. A pH of 8.0 means the water is basic or alkaline. Precisely between these two points is the proper pool pH level: 7.4 to 7.8.