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What was Russell called in Maori?
The Māori name, which was in use until it was officially replaced by Russell (and indeed for some time afterwards), was Kororāreka. The first Russell was located at Okiato, 8km from present-day Russell, in May 1840.
Who is Russell New Zealand named after?
Lord John Russell
When the Colony of New Zealand was founded in that year, Hobson was reluctant to choose Kororareka as his capital, due to its bad reputation. Instead he purchased land at Okiato, situated five kilometres to the south, and renamed it Russell in honour of the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord John Russell.
When did Kororareka become Russell?
In January 1844 this change was ratified when Governor FitzRoy decreed that Kororareka should be a part of the town of Russell (see alsoBay of Islands).
How did Russell get his name?
Russell is a male given name that originated from the surname Russell, which in turn derives from the French name russel (Old Norse rossel) “red-haired or red-skinned”, from rus (Old Norse ros) “red hair color” or “reddish skin” and the suffix -el.
What was Russell called?
Before Europeans arrived in New Zealand Russell was known by its Maori name, Kororareka. It was just one of many small settlements in Pewhairangi/Bay of Islands region whose numbers increased seasonally as inland Maori came to the coast to fish.
Why was Russell called Kororareka?
Russell was named after Lord John Russell, Secretary of State for the Colonies. Kororareka was the first permanent European settlement and sea port in New Zealand.
Why was Kororareka named Russell?
Russell was named after Lord John Russell, Secretary of State for the Colonies. Kororareka was the first permanent European settlement and sea port in New Zealand. Since the Colony of New Zealand had now been established Governor Hobson originally chose Kororareka as his capital.
Was Russell the capital of New Zealand?
New Zealand has had three capital cities – first Okiato (Old Russell) in the Bay of Islands from 1840, then a year later, Auckland, and finally Wellington. Today marks 155 years since a session of parliament officially met in Wellington for the first time on 26 July 1865.
What was Kororareka know as?
Kororareka—”the beach of shells” —was once a Native kainga. Then it became a whaling-station; and earned notoriety as a piratical stronghold, and the pandemonium of the Pacific.
Who was plundering and looting Kororareka?
When Lieutenant G. Philpotts of the Hazard ordered the bombardment of Kororāreka, Māori began looting the town. The Anglican and Catholic churches were spared from destruction on Heke’s orders.
What was the 1st capital of NZ?
New Zealand has had three capital cities – first Okiato (Old Russell) in the Bay of Islands from 1840, then a year later, Auckland, and finally Wellington.
What language do New Zealand speak?
EnglishNew Zealand Sign Language
New Zealand/Official languages
According to the 2013 Census, English and Te Reo Māori are the most widely spoken languages in New Zealand. However, as Table 1 shows, in 2013 there far more people speaking English (3,819,969 people or 90 per cent of the total population) than Te Reo Māori (148,395 people or 3 per cent of the population).