Table of Contents
- 1 What was the political structure of Sparta?
- 2 What was Sparta social structure?
- 3 What was the social structure like in Athens and Sparta?
- 4 What kind of government did Sparta have quizlet?
- 5 What were important characteristics of Sparta’s government?
- 6 What were the major political and social differences between Athens and Sparta during the 6th and 5th centuries BC E?
- 7 How were the government of Athens and Sparta different?
- 8 What type of government was favored in Sparta?
What was the political structure of Sparta?
Spartan Society The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
What are the political structures of Athens and Sparta?
The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority.
Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.
What kind of government did Sparta have quizlet?
Sparta was called an oligarchy because the real power was in the hands of a few people. The important decisions were made by the council of elders. Council members had to be at least 60 and wealthy. Council members served for life.
How was social status primarily determined in Sparta?
Though there was a very sharp distinction between Spartans and helots, Spartan society itself did not have a complex social hierarchy, at least in theory. Instead of wealth being a distinguishing marker, social status was determined by military achievements.
What were important characteristics of Sparta’s government?
Key Points Sparta functioned under an oligarchy of two hereditary kings. Unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, Spartan society focused heavily on military training and excellence. Spartan women enjoyed status, power, and respect that was unequaled in the rest of the classical world.
The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy” (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class).
What was Athens social structure?
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
How were the government of Athens and Sparta different?
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
What type of government was favored in Sparta?
Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia).
How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ?