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What was used to fasten garments at the shoulder?
A fibula (/ˈfɪbjʊlə/, plural fibulae /ˈfɪbjʊli/) is a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the right shoulder.
What is a Greek peplos?
peplos, also spelled peplus, garment worn by Greek women during the early Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods (i.e., up to about 300 ce). It consisted of a large rectangular piece of material folded vertically and hung from the shoulders, with a broad overfold.
What is a toga picta?
A type of toga worn by an elite few in Ancient Rome and the Byzantine Empire that was richly embroidered, patterned and dyed solid purple.
What is a fichu collar?
A fichu (/ˈfiːʃuː/, from the French “thrown over”) is a large, square kerchief worn by women to fill in the low neckline of a bodice.
What is traditional Greek clothing called?
Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.
What is a fibula in clothing?
fibula, brooch, or pin, originally used in Greek and Roman dress for fastening garments. The fibula developed in a variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety-pin principle.
How do you drape a peplos?
The peplos was draped and open on one side of the body, like the Doric chiton. The garment was then gathered about the waist and the folded top edge pinned over the shoulders. The folded-down top of the cloth provided the appearance of a second piece of clothing. (The Caryatid statues show a typical drapery.)
How do you drape a himation?
Himation is not kept in place using pins, unlike other types of Ancient Greek overgarments. When worn by men, the himation is draped over the left shoulder and wrapped around the rest of their body, except for their right arms.
What is a tunic in ancient Rome?
The tunic or chiton was worn as a shirt or gown by both genders among the ancient Romans. The body garment was loose-fitting for males, usually beginning at the neck and ending above the knee. A woman’s garment could be either close fitting or loose, beginning at the neck and extending over a skirt or skirts.
What does a red toga mean?
Toga Praetexta: If a Roman were a magistrate or a freeborn youth, he might wear a toga with a woven reddish-purple border known as a toga praetexta. Freeborn girls may have worn these as well.
Why is it called a neckerchief?
This term came from two French words: couvrir, which means “to cover” and chef, which means “head”. In the times of ancient Greece and Rome, handkerchiefs were often used the way they are today. But in the Middle Ages, kerchiefs were usually used to cover the head.
What is a lace fichu?
Indicates a light-weight kerchief folded into a triangle and fixed either with a knot or pin in the front (think a very small, triangular shawl). Used to hide excessive décolleté in day gowns and to keep the neck and chest warm in cold weather as well as for decorative purposes.