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What would you bring on a covered wagon?
Families had to decide what to bring, and of course, food was at the top of the list. An 1845 emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California suggests that the pioneers take along: 200 pounds of flour, 150 pounds of bacon, 30 pounds of hardtack, 10 pounds of coffee, 20 pounds of sugar, and 10 pounds of salt.
What supplies did settlers take with them in their covered wagons?
The covered wagon was mostly filled with food. It took over a 1,000 pounds of food to feed a family of four on the trip out west. They took preserved foods such as hard tack, coffee, bacon, rice, beans, and flour. They also took a few basic cooking utensils such as a coffee pot, some buckets, and an iron skillet.
What supplies were taken on the Oregon Trail?
Generally, the following minimum rations were recommended for each adult person:
- 120-200 pounds of flour in canvas sacks.
- 30 pounds of hardtack or crackers.
- 25-75 pounds of bacon.
- 15 pounds ground corn.
- ½ bushel cornmeal.
- 10-50 pounds of rice.
- 2 pounds of saleratus (an early form of baking soda)
- 10 pounds of salt.
What did a typical family carry in their wagon?
Research suggests that a typical family of four carried 800 pounds of flour, 200 pounds of lard, 700 pounds of bacon, 200 pounds of beans, 100 pounds of fruit, 75 pounds of coffee and 25 pounds of salt. The wagon also had to carry a shovel and cooking utensils. The wagon train would travel at around two miles an hour.
What was the main item that pioneers brought with them in their covered wagons?
Also, eggs could be protected by packing them in barrels of corn meal – as the eggs were used up, the meal was used to make bread. Coffee was another important staple.
How many pounds would a covered wagon carry?
The wagons were packed with food supplies, cooking equipment, water kegs, and other things needed for a long journey. These wagons could carry loads of up to 2,500 pounds, but the recommended maximum was 1,600 pounds.
What are the 6 supplies listed in the article that would be necessary for settlers heading west?
Two hundred pounds of flour, thirty pounds of pilot bread, seventy-five pounds of bacon, ten pounds of rice, five pounds of coffee, two pounds of tea, twenty-five pounds of sugar, half a bushel of dried beans, one bushel of dried fruit, two pounds of saleratus, ten pounds of salt, half a bushel of corn meal; and it is …
What weapons did people use on the Oregon Trail?
G.W. Thissel described some of the types of guns, “… there were firearms of all descriptions – double and single-barreled shotguns and smoothbore and double-twisted rifles. The favorite gun was the old Kentucky rifle, with a barrel three feet long, that carried sixty balls to the pound.”
What possessions did the pioneers have?
The pioneers would take with them as many supplies as possible. They took cornmeal, bacon, eggs, potatoes, rice, beans, yeast, dried fruit, crackers, dried meat, and a large barrel of water that was tied to the side of the wagon.
How fast can a covered wagon travel?
8 to 20 miles per day
The covered wagon made 8 to 20 miles per day depending upon weather, roadway conditions and the health of the travelers. It could take up to six months or longer to reach their destination.
What can you do with a covered wagon?
Covered Wagon Activities. 1 Build a Covered Wagon Model. Using supplies you can easily find around your house, build your own covered wagon. Use your wagon to create your own 2 Draw a Life-Sized Wagon. 3 Examine Daily Life in a Covered Wagon. 4 Make a Pioneer Meal. 5 Pack Your Covered Wagon.
How big was a covered wagon in the pioneer era?
Using supplies you can easily find around your house, build your own covered wagon. Use your wagon to create your own stories and adventures and then photograph or record the stories you create. It’s one of the many pioneer crafts teens will enjoy creating. The body of a covered wagon was about 4 feet wide x 10 feet long.
What is the size of a wagon?
The body of a covered wagon was about 4 feet wide x 10 feet long. Using those dimensions, draw a chalk outline of a wagon body on your driveway (to be more specific, check out Social Studies Actual Size – they offer “blueprints” for a Conestoga Wagon and Prairie Schooner ).
Who was the person who made the covered wagon?
George put together a sturdy traveling wagon, making by hand the bent wood bows, probably four or five, to support the top cover. The cover was made by Keturah, who spun the linen for it in the long winter evenings leading up to the trip.