# When the pressure gradient force and the Coriolis force are exactly balanced the wind is?

## When the pressure gradient force and the Coriolis force are exactly balanced the wind is?

A wind that results from a balance between the pressure gradient and Coriolis forces is called a geostrophic wind. When forces are in balance, there is no net force. How does the air move if the two forces are balanced?

What does it mean when wind flows parallel to the isobars?

Geostrophic wind
Geostrophic wind blows parallel to the isobars because the Coriolis force and pressure gradient force are in balance. By contrast, hills and forests force the wind to slow down and/or change direction much more. As we move higher, surface features affect the wind less until the wind is indeed geostrophic.

### Is pressure gradient force parallel to isobars?

The pressure gradient force becomes slightly more dominant and the parcel moves back to the original radius. This allows the gradient wind to blow parallel to the isobars. Since the pressure gradient force doesn’t change, and all the forces must balance, the Coriolis force becomes weaker.

When the pressure gradient force is present the wind move across the Isobar in what angle?

30 degree angle
The addition of friction ultimately causes the wind to move approximately at a 30 degree angle to the isobars from higher toward lower pressure.

#### How does wind relate to pressure gradient?

Pressure gradient is just the difference in pressure between high- and low-pressure areas. The speed of the wind is directly proportional to the pressure gradient meaning that as the change in pressure increases (i.e. pressure gradient increases) the speed of the wind also increases at that location.

How does Coriolis force balance pressure gradient force?

Geostrophic Wind: winds balanced by the Coriolis and Pressure Gradient forces. An air parcel initially at rest will move from high pressure to low pressure because of the pressure gradient force (PGF). As the wind gains speed, the deflection increases until the Coriolis force equals the pressure gradient force.

## What happens when the isobars are close together?

The lines around high and low pressure on a weather map are called isobars, or lines of equal pressure, as shown in the above image on the left. When isobars are close together it is very windy; when they are further apart, conditions are more calm. The wind around highs always blows in a clockwise direction.

When the isobars are curved in the Northern Hemisphere the wind flows?

In contrast, around a high-pressure centre, the Coriolis force directed inward balances the centrifugal force and the pressure-gradient force, both directed outward; in this case, the gradient wind blows clockwise along the curved isobars in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

### How is pressure gradient related to isobars?

Wind derives its initial speed and direction from changes in air pressure over distance, or pressure gradient force (PGF). This is why when isobars are packed closer together (larger pressure gradient), wind speeds tend to increase. This makes winds cross isobars, toward lower pressure.

What is Isobar pressure?

Isobars are lines on a weather map joining together places of equal atmospheric pressure . On the map the isobar marked 1004 represents an area of high pressure, while the isobar marked 976 represents an area of low pressure.

#### What is pressure gradient force of wind?

Which two forces are balanced when the wind is in geostrophic balance?

Geostrophic Wind: winds balanced by the Coriolis and Pressure Gradient forces. An air parcel initially at rest will move from high pressure to low pressure because of the pressure gradient force (PGF).

## Why does a gradient wind blow parallel to the isobars?

The pressure gradient force becomes slightly more dominant and the parcel moves back to the original radius. This allows the gradient wind to blow parallel to the isobars. Since the pressure gradient force doesn’t change, and all the forces must balance, the Coriolis force becomes weaker.

What is the balance of pressure gradient and Coriolis force?

Balance of pressure gradient and Coriolis forces. Physical/dynamical • Coriolis force: An apparent force due to Earth’s rotation, directing to the right of the wind vector and proportional to the wind speed in magnitude. • Surface friction helps the wind to gain a component from high toward low pressure.

### Which is the correct balance of pressure and wind?

The three-way balance of horizontal pressure gradient, Coriolis force, and the centrifugal force is call the gradient wind balance. The gradient wind is an excellent approximation to the actual wind observed abovethe Earth’s surface, especially at the middle latitudes. ESS55 Prof. Jin-Yi Yu Super- and Sub-Geostrophic Wind

Which is the correct description of the gradient wind?

Gradient Wind Balance The three-way balance of horizontal pressure gradient, Coriolis force, and the centrifugal force is call the gradient wind balance. The gradient wind is an excellent approximation to the actual wind observed abovethe Earth’s surface, especially at the middle latitudes.