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Which hormone is responsible for photoperiodism?

Which hormone is responsible for photoperiodism?

The pineal gland, and its hormone melatonin, mediates photoperiodic time measurement in mammals [136, 195].

What causes photoperiodism?

Many models have been suggested over the years, but today, most biologists think photoperiodism—at least, in many species—is the result of interactions between a plant’s “body clock” and light cues from its environment. Only when the light cues and the body clock line up in the right way will the plant flower.

Which pigment is responsible for flowering in plant?

Phytochrome: These are blue-green pigments which provide significant response to longer wavelengths of light i.e. red light. Based on photoperiod, it can regulate flower induction.

Is phytochrome involved in photoperiodism?

Phytochrome is a photoreceptor molecule which mediates several developmental and morphogenetic responses of plants to light. This is called photoperiodism.

What are gibberellins?

Gibberellins are a group of plant hormones responsible for growth and development. They are important for initiating seed germination . Low concentrations can be used to increase the speed of germination, and they stimulate cell elongation so plants grow taller. They are naturally produced by barley and other seeds.

What is the process of photoperiodism?

photoperiodism, the functional or behavioral response of an organism to changes of duration in daily, seasonal, or yearly cycles of light and darkness. Photoperiodic reactions can be reasonably predicted, but temperature, nutrition, and other environmental factors also modify an organism’s response.

What is the process of Photoperiodism?

What is Photoperiodism explain?

Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of night or a dark period. It occurs in plants, animals as well as fruiting. Photoperiodism can also be defined as the developmental responses of plants to the relative lengths of light and dark periods.

Which of the following pigment is responsible for flowering and germination?

The correct answer is Phytochrome. Phytochrome is a blue-green plant pigment which regulates plant development, including seed germination, stem growth, leaf expansion, pigment synthesis, and flowering.

What is phytochrome plant?

phytochrome. plant pigment protein that absorbs red light and then initiates physiological responses governing light sensitive processes such as germination, growth and flowering. Exists in two forms, pr and pfr, that are interconverted by light.

What is the Colour of phytochrome pigment?

Another example is phytochrome, a bilichrome pigment of blue colour, which, although present in very minute quantities in green plants, is indispensable in various photoperiodic processes.

What is the role of phytochrome in photoperiodism?

Many flowering plants (angiosperms) use a photoreceptor protein, such as phytochrome or cryptochrome, to sense seasonal changes in night length, or photoperiod, which they take as signals to flower. In turn, far-red light is present in the shade or in the dark and this converts phytochrome from pfr to pr.