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Can Q fever affect the heart?

Can Q fever affect the heart?

A Q fever recurrence can affect your heart, liver, lungs and brain, giving rise to serious complications, such as: Endocarditis. An inflammation of the membrane inside your heart, endocarditis can severely damage your heart valves. Endocarditis is the most deadly of Q fever’s complications.

How long does Q fever stay in your system?

Without treatment, symptoms can last from 2-6 weeks. Illness often results in time off work, lasting from a few days to several weeks. Most people make a full recovery and become immune to repeat infections.

What are the symptoms of Q fever in humans?

Signs and symptoms of Q fever may include:

  • Fever.
  • Chills or sweats.
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Headache.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  • Chest pain.
  • Stomach pain.

What disease does C. burnetii cause?

Q fever is a disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This bacteria naturally infects some animals, such as goats, sheep, and cattle.

What are the long term effects of Q fever?

Some individuals with Q fever develop long-term complications (long-term sequelae) such as chronic, persistent fatigue. Some researchers believe that infection with Q fever increases an individual’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life.

Which types of people are most at risk for Q fever?

Who is at risk? Anyone who has contact with animals infected with Q fever bacteria, especially people who work on farms or with animals. Examples of high-risk jobs include: Livestock farmers.

Is Q fever a zoonotic disease?

Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, a species of bacteria that is distributed globally. In 1999, Q fever became a notifiable disease in the United States but reporting is not required in many other countries.

What happens if Q fever is left untreated?

Severe Q fever infections cause complications like pneumonia (an infection causing inflammation in the lungs), hepatitis or endocarditis. Left untreated, severe Q fever infections are sometimes fatal.

Does Q fever ever go away?

Sometimes Q fever can persist or come back. This can lead to more serious complications if the infection affects your: heart. liver.

How many people have been infected with Q fever?

In 2019, 178 acute Q fever cases were reported, as well as 34 chronic Q fever cases.

Can chronic Q fever cured?

Most people who are sick with Q fever will recover without antibiotic treatment. However, for people who develop Q fever disease, treatment with 2 weeks of doxycycline antibiotic is recommended.