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How were early communities formed and developed into civilizations?

How were early communities formed and developed into civilizations?

The first civilizations appeared in locations where the geography was favorable to intensive agriculture. Governments and states emerged as rulers gained control over larger areas and more resources, often using writing and religion to maintain social hierarchies and consolidate power over larger areas and populations.

Where did early communities develop?

Early cities developed in a number of regions, from Mesopotamia to Asia to the Americas. The very first cities were founded in Mesopotamia after the Neolithic Revolution, around 7500 BCE. Mesopotamian cities included Eridu, Uruk, and Ur. Early cities also arose in the Indus Valley and ancient China.

When did humans start forming communities?

Sometime about 10,000 years ago, the earliest farmers put down their roots—literally and figuratively. Agriculture opened the door to (theoretically) stable food supplies, and it let hunter-gatherers build permanent dwellings that eventually morphed into complex societies in many parts of the world.

How do civilizations develop from a village to a city?

Villages Grow into Cities The invention of new tools—hoes, sickles, and plow sticks—made the task of farming easier. As peo- ple gradually developed the technology to control their natural environment, they reaped larger harvests. Settlements with a plentiful supply of food could support larger populations.

How did the physical environment play a role in the development of early towns?

The topography of an area was important for early human settlement. Farmers preferred to settle in flat, open areas such as plains and valleys. Large, flat spaces gave farmers room to plant crops. Also, the rich soil in coastal plains and river valleys was excellent for growing these crops.

How did improved farming lead to the development of government?

The skills and tools people use to meet basic needs and requirements. How did improved farming lead to the development of government? Government developed to help manage the surplus of food, which occurred because of improved farming. Growing populations created new technologies requiring a variety of skills.

How did the early big villages develop into cities?

The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and development of many trades.

What was the role of early human communities?

The first early human communities owed their existence to agriculture, and they quickly developed into complex societies around the world. Are you a student or a teacher? As a member, you’ll also get unlimited access to over 84,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.

What did farming mean to the early people?

Farming meant that people did not need to travel to find food. Instead, they began to live in settled communities, and grew crops or raised animals on nearby land. They built stronger, more permanent homes and surrounded their settlements with walls to protect themselves. WHICH PLANTS DID THE FIRST FARMERS GROW?

Why did early humans share resources with other people?

Sharing vital resources with other members of the group led to stronger social bonds and enhanced the group’s chances of survival. About 2 million years ago, early humans transported stone up to 12 km (7 mi) to a site at Kanjera, Kenya.

What was the social life of early humans?

Expanding social networks led, eventually, to the complex social lives of modern humans. Sharing resources. Beginning 2.6–1.8 million years ago. Some groups of early humans began collecting tools and food from a variety of places and bringing them to favored resting and eating spots.