Table of Contents
What chemicals were used in mummies?
Natron, a disinfectant and desiccating agent, was the main ingredient used in the mummification process. A compound of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate (salt and baking soda), natron essentially dried out the corpse.
What spices were used to preserve mummies in Egypt?
Cumin – This spice was originally cultivated from India to the Mediterranean. It is known to be in culinary use since 2000 BC and, oh yes, the ancient Egyptians used cumin, of course, in the process of embalming mummies.
What salt is used for mummification?
Natron, which was used in ancient Egypt to preserve mummies, is a natural salt mixture containing sodium carbonate decahydrate (soda ash), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), sodium chloride (table salt), and another salt called sodium sulfate.
What material did they wrap mummies in ancient Egypt?
The soon-to-be mummy was placed in natron (naturally occurring salt) and left to dry for 40 days. After the flesh was dehydrated, the body was wrapped in layers upon layers of linen, between which priests placed amulets to aid the newly deceased in the afterlife.
What do you need to make a mummy?
Mummification Step by Step
- Insert a hook through a hole near the nose and pull out part of the brain.
- Make a cut on the left side of the body near the tummy.
- Remove all internal organs.
- Let the internal organs dry.
- Place the lungs, intestines, stomach and liver inside canopic jars.
- Place the heart back inside the body.
How did Egypt make mummies?
The earliest ancient Egyptians buried their dead in small pits in the desert. The heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, creating lifelike and natural ‘mummies’. The process included embalming the bodies and wrapping them in strips of linen. Today we call this process mummification.
What spices were used for mummies?
After the body was cleansed and purified with powdered aromatics of cinnamon, cassia, cumin, anise, and myrrh, it was temporarily stuffed with a variety of plant materials for the dehydration process to absorb moisture and retain a lifelike shape to the body.
How do you preserve mummies?
The key steps of mummification were:
- Removal of the brain – possibly using a “whisking” process to cause the brain to liquefy.
- Removal of the internal organs.
- Putting the body into a natural salt to dry it out.
- Coating the body in the embalming recipe to kill bacteria and to seal it.
- Wrapping the body in linen.
What are the 7 steps to mummification?
The 7 Steps of Mummification
- STEP 1: ANNOUNCEMENT OF DEATH. A messenger was told to inform the public of the death.
- STEP 2: EMBALMING THE BODY.
- STEP 3: REMOVAL OF THE BRAIN.
- STEP 4: INTERNAL ORGANS REMOVED.
- STEP 5: DRYING THE BODY OUT.
- STEP 6: WRAPPING THE BODY.
- STEP 6: WRAPPING THE BODY CONTINUED.
- STEP 7: FINAL PROCESSION.
What is the most famous mummy?
1. Tutankhamun. In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the mummy of pharaoh Tutankhamun in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings. Despite several apparent grave robberies, the tomb was crammed with ancient treasures, including jewellery, gilded shrines and a solid gold funerary mask.
How are bodies made into mummies?
How are mummies made? Mummification is the process of preserving the body after death by deliberately drying or embalming flesh. This typically involved removing moisture from a deceased body and using chemicals or natural preservatives, such as resin, to desiccate the flesh and organs.
What was resin used for mummification?
The gum-resins are probably myrrh. It has been fonud in mummy body cavities, canopic jars, other tomb packages, and refuse embalming material.