Table of Contents
What does the word timocracy mean?
1 : government in which a certain amount of property is necessary for office.
What is the purpose of timocracy?
noun, plural ti·moc·ra·cies. a form of government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers. a form of government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.
What is an example of timocracy?
The term “timocracy” appears in Plato’s Republic (VIII, 545) and Aristotle’s Ethics (VIII and XII). Examples of timocratic governments were the state systems established in Athens in the sixth century B.C., after the reforms of Solon, and in Rome after the reforms attributed to Servius Tullius.
What IS a oligarch?
Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Throughout history, oligarchies have often been tyrannical, relying on public obedience or oppression to exist.
Who came up with timocracy?
Solon introduced the ideas of timokratia as a graded oligarchy in his Solonian Constitution for Athens in the early 6th century BC. His was the first known deliberately implemented form of timocracy, allocating political rights and economic responsibility depending on membership of one of four tiers of the population.
What is timocracy According to Plato?
Plato characterizes timocracy as a mixture of the elements of two different regime types — aristocracy and oligarchy. Just like the leaders of Platonic aristocracies, timocratic governors will apply great effort in gymnastics and the arts of war, as well as the virtue that pertains to them, that of courage.
Has there ever been a timocracy?
Who rules in an oligarchy?
Broadly speaking, an oligarchy is a form of government characterized by the rule of a few persons or families. More specifically, the term was used by Greek philosopher Aristotle in contrast to aristocracy, which was another term to describe rule by a privileged few.
What is the city soul analogy?
In the Republic, the city-soul analogy made by Plato paves the way for the entire dialogue. The main interlocutors use the analogy to show the nature of justice and aim to prove that just people live better and are happier than unjust people, by establishing a city to which justice, as defined by them, is applied.
What is an oligarchy class 12?
Solution. Short Answer. It refers to a form of government where power is exercised by a group of men.
What is rule by the rich called?
A plutocracy (Greek: πλοῦτος, ploutos, ‘wealth’ and κράτος, kratos, ‘power’) or plutarchy is a society that is ruled or controlled by people of great wealth or income. The first known use of the term in English dates from 1631.
How does Plato describe timocracy?