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What happens to solar radiation when it strikes an object?

What happens to solar radiation when it strikes an object?

When solar radiation hits an object, some of the energy will be absorbed while the rest is reflected. Generally the absorbed solar radiation is converted to thermal energy, which causes the object to heat up. However in some cases, the incident energy can be absorbed and converted into another form of energy.

What are the three results of radiation striking an object?

Three things that happen when radiation strikes an object. Some is absorbed, some is reflected, and some is transmitted.

What type of radiation heats the atmosphere?

infrared radiation
[more on electromagnetic radiation] It is infrared radiation that produce the warm feeling on our bodies. Most of the solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and much of what reaches the earth’s surface is radiated back into the atmosphere to become heat energy.

What happens when radiated heat hits a surface?

Radiation happens when heat moves as energy waves, called infrared waves, directly from its source to something else. In fact, all hot things radiate heat to cooler things. When the heat waves hits the cooler thing, they make the molecules of the cooler object speed up.

When radiation strikes a material what happens to the energy?

When radiation strikes an object, there usually are three different results. Some energy is absorbed by the object. Substances such as water and air are transparent to certain wavelengths of radiation. Some radiation may bounce off the object without being absorbed or transmitted.

When electromagnetic radiation such as sunlight strikes an object There are three things that can happen to this energy what are those three things?

There are three (3) forms of interaction that can take place when energy strikes, or is incident (I) upon the surface. These are: absorption (A); transmission (T); and reflection (R).

How does solar radiation affect climate?

The resulting imbalance between incoming solar radiation and outgoing thermal radiation will likely cause Earth to heat up over the next century, accelerating the melting polar ice caps, causing sea levels to rise and increasing the probability of more violent global weather patterns.

How do solar flares affect the amount of radiation emitted from the Sun?

The most powerful solar flares are huge bursts of x-rays and electrified hot gas called coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which hurl solar matter into space. The explosion that creates the CME accelerates the protons around the Sun to nearly the speed of light.

What causes radiation heating?

Thermal radiation is generated when heat from the movement of charges in the material (electrons and protons in common forms of matter) is converted to electromagnetic radiation. Particle motion results in charge-acceleration or dipole oscillation which produces electromagnetic radiation.

What is Earth’s radiation?

Earth’s net radiation, sometimes called net flux, is the balance between incoming and outgoing energy at the top of the atmosphere. It is the total energy that is available to influence the climate. Energy comes in to the system when sunlight penetrates the top of the atmosphere.

How does radiation heat up the atmosphere?

When the radiation hits the ground, the rocks of the Earth get heated up. This rising of temperature of the Earths rock is due to the phenomenon of conduction. Due to conduction, warm air is released. As this warm air is hotter than the surrounding cooler air, the temperature of the atmosphere is released.