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What is meant by radioisotopes?

What is meant by radioisotopes?

An unstable form of a chemical element that releases radiation as it breaks down and becomes more stable. Radioisotopes may occur in nature or be made in a laboratory. In medicine, they are used in imaging tests and in treatment. Also called radionuclide.

What is a radioactive isotope easy definition?

A radioactive isotope, also known as a radioisotope, radionuclide, or radioactive nuclide, is any of several species of the same chemical element with different masses whose nuclei are unstable and dissipate excess energy by spontaneously emitting radiation in the form of alpha, beta, and gamma rays.

What is a radioisotope give two examples?

Radioisotopes are atoms which have an unstable nucleus, meaning they will undergo radioactive decay. An isotope is an atom which has the same number of protons, but a different number of neutrons. For example, cobalt-59, with 27 protons and 32 neutrons, and cobalt-60, with 27 protons and 33 neutrons.

What are radioisotopes and their uses?

The most widely used radioactive pharmaceutical for diagnostic studies in nuclear medicine. Different chemical forms are used for brain, bone, liver, spleen and kidney imaging and also for blood flow studies. Technetium-99m. Used to locate leaks in industrial pipe lines…and in oil well studies.

What is SPM radioisotope?

Radioisotopes are isotopes of a radioactive substance. Examples of Radioisotopes. Carbon-14 (Carbon dating) Cobalt-60 (Radiotherapy) Uranium-235 (Nuclear fuel)

What are radioisotopes quizlet?

radioisotope. an unstable isotope of an element, which undergoes radioactive decay. artificial transmutation. the transmutation of atoms of one element into atoms of another element as a result of a nuclear reaction, such as bombardment with neutrons.

What is the difference between an isotope and a radioisotope?

A Radioisotope is also an isotope by nature. The difference is that radioisotopes are very unstable and contain high levels of nuclear energy and emit this energy in the form of nuclear radiation. Main difference: Isotopes can be stable or unstable, but Radioisotopes are always unstable.

What are radioisotopes give examples?

What are some commonly-used radioisotopes?

Radioisotope Half-life
Hydrogen-3 (tritium) 12.32 years
Carbon-14 5,700 years
Chlorine-36 301,000 years
Lead-210 22.2 years

How do radioisotopes become stable?

Most isotopes become stable by emitting alpha particles, beta particles, positrons, or gamma rays. A few become stable by electron capture or by spontaneous fission. GAMMA RAYS: Thus, thorium-234 becomes more stable by releasing gamma rays and a beta particle.

How do tracers work radioactive?

Radioactive tracers are made up of carrier molecules that are bonded tightly to a radioactive atom. These carrier molecules vary greatly depending on the purpose of the scan. Some tracers employ molecules that interact with a specific protein or sugar in the body and can even employ the patient’s own cells.

What is radioisotope used for in medicine?

Radioisotopes are an essential part of medical diagnostic procedures. In combination with imaging devices which register the gamma rays emitted from within, they can be used for imaging to study the dynamic processes taking place in various parts of the body.

What radioisotopes are used to destroy bacteria?

1. Gamma ray emitted from radioactive cobalt-60 can kill germs such as bacteria and fungus.