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What is steel reduction ratio?

What is steel reduction ratio?

The reduction ratio simply refers to how much area compression occurs when producing a hot rolled bar. In case of hot forged bars the reduction ratio of 4:1 is considered as a standard and in case of higher sizes, 3:1 is also acceptable these days.

What is the reduction ratio?

Reduction ratio (RR) is defined as the ratio of the cross section of the polymer before extrusion to that after extrusion.

What is hot work ratio?

hot work ratio. forging reduction. A ratio measuring the change in the cross sectional area during each hot working operation.

How do you calculate LD ratio in forging?

7. In light of Cold Forging Standard Existing D2/d2 & l/d ratios D2/d2 = 302/12.52 = 5.76 l/d = 30/12.5 = 2.40  By above calculations it is noticed that value D2/d2 is exceeding the standard and l/d is almost in range.

How do you calculate reduction ratio of steel?

Calculate the forging reduction ratio by dividing the cross-sectional area before forging with the cross-sectional area after forging. This works out to 2.4 square inches/1.6 square inches = 1.5 to 1 reduction ratio for the forging operation.

What is the gear ratio formula?

The gear ratio is calculated by dividing the output speed by the input speed (i= Ws/ We) or by dividing the number of teeth of the driving gear by the number of teeth of the driven gear (i= Ze/ Zs).

What is reduction ratio of crusher?

In crushing, the ratio of the size of the largest feed particle to the smallest distance between the roll faces. As used frequently in the field, it is the ratio of the smallest aperture passing all of the feed to that passing all of the product.

What is a forging upsetter?

Upsetter is equipment to upset forgings with a punch in an opening and closing two-split die. Due to its unique structure, this equipment is widely applied in the forging industry to hot processing of forgings with hollows and bulges, or to hot-upsetting of an end of a long product.

How do you compute ratios?

How to calculate a ratio

  1. Determine the purpose of the ratio. You should start by identifying what you want your ratio to show.
  2. Set up your formula. Ratios compare two numbers, usually by dividing them.
  3. Solve the equation. Divide data A by data B to find your ratio.
  4. Multiply by 100 if you want a percentage.

How is differential gear ratio calculated?

Count the number of teeth on the pinion gear and count the number of teeth on the ring gear. Divide the ring gear teeth number by the number of teeth on the pinion. The result is your gear ratio.

What is reduction ratio in forging?

A: Forging reduction is generally considered to be the amount of cross-sectional reduction taking place during drawing out of a bar or billet. The original cross-section divided by the final cross-section is the forging ratio (say 3:1).

What is the difference between crushing and grinding?

is that crush is to press or bruise between two hard bodies; to squeeze, so as to destroy the natural shape or integrity of the parts, or to force together into a mass while grind is to reduce to smaller pieces by crushing with lateral motion or grind can be brawl, fight, wrangle over.