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What is the medical term for testis?

What is the medical term for testis?

Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are located behind the penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum. The testicles produce and store sperm, and they are also the body’s main source of male hormones (testosterone).

What is the root word of testis?

An old theory has it that the Romans placed their right hands on their testicles and swore by them before giving testimony in court. Another theory says that the sense of testicle in Latin testis is due to a calque, or loan translation, from Greek.

What is Thymus medical?

: a glandular structure of largely lymphoid tissue that functions especially in cell-mediated immunity by being the site where T cells develop, is present in the young of most vertebrates typically in the upper anterior chest or at the base of the neck, and gradually decreases in size and activity after puberty.

What combining form refers to the testicle?

Orchido- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning either “testicle” (testis) or “orchid.” In medicine, it refers to testicles.

What’s the plural word for testis?

noun, plural tes·tes [tes-teez]. Anatomy, Zoology. the male gonad or reproductive gland, either of two oval glands located in the scrotum.

Where is the thymus located medical terms?

The thymus gland is a small organ that lies in the upper chest under the breastbone. It makes white blood cells, called lymphocytes, which protect the body against infections.

Where is the thymus gland located medical terms?

The thymus is located in the upper anterior (front) part of your chest directly behind your sternum and between your lungs. The pinkish-gray organ has two thymic lobes. The thymus reaches its maximum weight (about 1 ounce) during puberty. Thymosin stimulates the development of T cells.

What does the medical prefix exo mean?

Regina Bailey. Updated February 21, 2019. The prefix (ex- or exo-) means out of, away from, outer, external, outside, or exterior. It is derived from the Greek exo meaning “out of” or external.

What does Vas o mean in medical terms?

Vaso- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “vessel,” typically referring to blood vessels, such as veins and arteries. It is often used in medical terms, especially in anatomy.

What are testes?

Listen to pronunciation. (TES-tis) One of two egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that produce sperm and male hormones. Also called testicle.

What is thymus medical?