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What is the simple definition of hydrocarbon?

What is the simple definition of hydrocarbon?

A hydrocarbon is an organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbons are naturally-occurring compounds and form the basis of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and other important energy sources. Therefore, hydrocarbons are highly effective as a source of fuel.

What is hydrocarbon give example?

Compounds of carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons. For example, methane, ethane, etc.

What is hydrocarbon used for?

Hydrocarbons are the principal constituents of petroleum and natural gas. They serve as fuels and lubricants as well as raw materials for the production of plastics, fibres, rubbers, solvents, explosives, and industrial chemicals.

What is hydrocarbon in one word?

: an organic compound (such as acetylene or butane) containing only carbon and hydrogen and often occurring in petroleum, natural gas, coal, and bitumens.

What are hydrocarbons class 10th?

Hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbon. All carbon compounds having carbon and hydrogen are known as hydrocarbons. The saturated hydrocarbons having single bonds are called alkanes. For example, Methane, Ethane etc.

What are hydrocarbons give 2 example?

What are hydrocarbons? Give examples. Organic Compounds comprising only carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons. Examples include natural gas and fuels, alkanes, alkenes, alcohols.

What are hydrocarbons give 3 examples?

Common hydrocarbons:

  • Methane(CH4)
  • Ethane(C2H6)
  • Propane(C3H8)
  • Butane(C4H10)
  • Pentane(C5H12)
  • Hexane(C6H14)

What are the 2 types of hydrocarbons?

The simplest organic compounds are those composed of only two elements: carbon and hydrogen. These compounds are called hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons themselves are separated into two types: aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons. Aliphatic hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons based on chains of C atoms.

What are hydrocarbons made of?

Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and lubricating oil), coal tar, creosote, dyestuff, and pyrolysis waste products.