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What structure assembles proteins?

What structure assembles proteins?

The nucleus (plural, nuclei) houses the cell’s genetic material, or DNA, and is also the site of synthesis for ribosomes, the cellular machines that assemble proteins.

What organelle assembles amino acids into polypeptides?

Cell Organelles Matching

Ribosomes Assembles amino acids into polypeptide chains. These chains are the primary structure for proteins.
Mitochondria Site of cellular respiration (glucose is broken down to make ATP Energy)
Chloroplasts The site of photosynthesis

What cell assembles ribosomes?

cell nucleus
The nucleolus is a region found within the cell nucleus that is concerned with producing and assembling the cell’s ribosomes.

Which cell structure puts the amino acids together?

Explanation: Ribosomes link amino acids together to form proteins. The ribosomes are responsible for carrying out the process of translation .

How are tRNAs linked to their corresponding amino acids?

amino acids. How are tRNAs linked to their corresponding amino acids? For each of the 20 different amino acids commonly found in proteins, a corresponding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase covalently links. the amino acid to the correct tRNA molecule.

What organelle modifies proteins made by ribosomes?

The Endoplasmic Reticulum
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a series of interconnected membranous sacs and tubules that collectively modifies proteins and synthesizes lipids.

Which cell organelle assembles some components of the cell membrane modifies proteins and has ribosomes attached to it?

Endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes inside a cell through which proteins and other molecules move. Proteins are assembled at organelles called ribosomes.

What part of the cell modifies and sorts proteins?

The Golgi apparatus
The Golgi apparatus modifies and sorts proteins for transport throughout the cell. The Golgi apparatus is often found in close proximity to the ER in cells.

What is the structure of a ribosome?

Ribosomes are made of proteins and ribonucleic acid (abbreviated as RNA), in almost equal amounts. It comprises of two sections, known as subunits. The tinier subunit is the place the mRNA binds and it decodes, whereas the bigger subunit is the place the amino acids are included.

What are amino acids structure?

Structure of an Amino Acid Amino acids are the monomers that make up proteins. Each amino acid has the same fundamental structure , which consists of a central carbon atom, also known as the alpha (α) carbon, bonded to an amino group (NH2), a carboxyl group (COOH), and to a hydrogen atom.

What creates proteins from amino acids?

To build proteins, cells use a complex assembly of molecules called a ribosome. The ribosome assembles amino acids into the proper order and links them together via peptide bonds. This process, known as translation, creates a long string of amino acids called a polypeptide chain.