Table of Contents
- 1 What are primitive and derived characteristics?
- 2 What is evolutionary classification?
- 3 What is primitive character?
- 4 How can ancestral and derived characters be used to construct evolutionary trees?
- 5 What is an analysis of derived characters is used to generate?
- 6 How does evolutionary classification differ from traditional classification?
What are primitive and derived characteristics?
Organisms have only two types of traits: primitive and derived. Primitive traits are those inherited from distant ancestors. Derived traits are those that just appeared (by mutation) in the most recent ancestor — the one that gave rise to a newly formed branch.
What are derived characters and how are they used in taxonomy?
A shared character is one that two lineages have in common, and a derived character is one that evolved in the lineage leading up to a clade and that sets members of that clade apart from other individuals. Shared derived characters can be used to group organisms into clades.
What is evolutionary classification?
Evolutionary classification is a synthesis of the phenetic and phylogenetic principles. Evolutionary classification permits paraphyletic groups (which are allowed in phenetic but not in cladistic classification) and monophyletic groups (which are allowed in both cladistic and phenetic classification).
Which classification uses derived characteristics?
In contrast to Linnaean classification, cladistic analysis focuses on certain kinds of characters, called derived characters, when assigning organisms into clades.
What is primitive character?
In phylogenetics, a primitive (or ancestral) character, trait, or feature of a lineage or taxon is one that is inherited from the common ancestor of a clade (or clade group) and has undergone little change since.
What is the meaning of shared primitive and shared derived characters of organisms?
A shared, primitive character (such as the post-anal tail of all vertebrates) is called a symplesiomorphy. Symplesiomorphies can tell us that animals share a common ancestor that also shared that trait. A derived character (= apomorphy)is one that is modified compared to its original, ancestral form.
How can ancestral and derived characters be used to construct evolutionary trees?
In building a tree, we organize species into nested groups based on shared derived traits (traits different from those of the group’s ancestor). The sequences of genes or proteins can be compared among species and used to build phylogenetic trees.
What is the system of classification that is based on shared derived characters?
Cladistics /Phylogeny- is a relatively new system of classification that uses shared derived traits to establish evolutionary relationships. A derived trait is a feature that evolved only within the group under consideration. A phylogenetic tree based on a cladistic analysis is called a cladogram.
What is an analysis of derived characters is used to generate?
15 Cards in this Set
|An analysis of derived characters is used to generate a ________.||cladogram|
|In taxonomy, a group at any level is call a?||taxon|
|Linnaeus’s two-word naming system that scientists use to assign each kind of organism a universally accepted name is known as ___________.||binomial nomenclature|
Which of the following is the correct explanation of derived character?
Which of the following is the correct explanation of a derived character? The presence of hair is a derived character of mammals because all mammals have hair and no animals other then mammals have it.
How does evolutionary classification differ from traditional classification?
Evolutionary classification is classification based on common ancestors whereas traditional classification is based on similarities and differences. A trait that arose in the most recent common ancestor of a particular lineage and was passed along to its descendants.
What does it mean for a characteristic to be derived?
Derived trait. In phylogenetics, a derived trait is a trait that is present in an organism, but was absent in the last common ancestor of the group being considered. This may also refer to structures that are not present in an organism, but were present in its ancestors, i.e. traits that have undergone secondary loss.