Menu Close

What is the difference between Benedictine and Cistercian orders?

What is the difference between Benedictine and Cistercian orders?

The Cistercians were formed out of the Benedictine monastic lifestyle. They are therefore part of the Benedictine order. The original Cistercians, now known as Cistercians of the Common Observance, focused on hard labour and prayer. However, over the centuries the focus shifted to academic educational pursuits.

What is the difference between Benedictine and Carthusian monks?

The Carthusians They did not have their own rule, but followed the Benedictine Rule in a different way. Their way was austere. These monks were silent and they fasted for much of the time. Each cell had its own garden and each monk had a patch of land to cultivate.

What is the difference between Jesuits and Benedictines?

Benedictine and Jesuit are two types of monastic orders in the Catholic Church. Each has its own religious rule or doctrine and follows under a religious superior. Education plays a large role in both the Benedictine and Jesuit orders, ranking high among their beliefs and traditions.

Why are there different orders of monks?

There are more than a dozen different orders of monks. Although they are all similar in many ways, different sects have different philosophies, emphasize different things, have different vows, live in different kinds of communities and wear different clothing.

What is the order of monks?

Monastic orders are groups of men or women who dedicate themselves to God and live in an isolated community or alone.

What is the difference between Jesuit and Franciscan?

Jesuits and Franciscans are both Catholic, but they do represent different forms of Catholic spirituality. Jesuits are celebrated for their complexity; Franciscans are admired for their simplicity. Jesuit spirituality values discernment and decision-making, and a prayerful consideration of possibilities and choices.

Which order became one of the most important order of monks in twelfth century Europe?

The most famous of these were the Knights Hospitaller, the Knights Templar, and the Teutonic Knights. The Hospitallers (also known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem) was founded by The Blessed Gerard (l. c. 1040-1120 CE) toward the close of the First Crusade (c.

What led to the creation of the Cistercian order?

What led to the creation of the Cistercian order? A group of monks were unhappy with the Benedictine monastery and believed that it had a lack of discipline. They created the Cistercian monasticism and spread around Europe.

What do Cistercian monks believe?

The Cistercian order maintained the independent organic life of the individual houses: each abbey having its own abbot elected by its own monks, its own community belonging to itself and not to the order in general, and its own property and finances administered without outside interference.

What was the focus of life of the Carthusians?

The focus of Carthusian life is contemplation. To this end there is an emphasis on solitude and silence. There are no Carthusian abbeys as they have no abbots, and each charterhouse is headed by a prior and is populated by two types of monks: the choir monks, referred to as hermits, and the lay brothers.

How many Carthusian monasteries were there before the Reformation?

In 1132, an avalanche destroyed the first hermitage, killing 7 monks under the snow. The fifth prior of Chartreuse, Guiges, rebuilt the hermitage. There were ten Carthusian monasteries in the British Isles before the Reformation, with one in Scotland and nine in England.

How long does it take to become a Carthusian monk?

The formation of a Carthusian begins with 6 to 12 months of postulancy, where the postulant lives the life of a monk but without having professed any kind of vows. This is followed by 2 years of novitiate, where the novice wears a black cloak over the white Carthusian habit.

What is the revolving compartment in a Carthusian plan?

A typical Carthusian plan: Clermont, drawn by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, 1856. Next to the door is a small revolving compartment, called a “turn”, so that meals and other items may be passed in and out of the cell without the hermit having to meet the bearer.